At first, that name referred to only the Eastern Mediterranean, but it was later extended to the whole Mediterranean.
See also: Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance Environmental history edit For 4,000 years, human activity has transformed most parts of Mediterranean Europe, and the "humanisation of the landscape" overlapped with the appearance of the present Mediterranean climate.
Geoffrey Rickman, "The creation of Mare Nostrum : 300 sc BC /sc 500 sc AD /sc in David Abulafia,., The Mediterranean in History, isbn, 2011,.
Rapid development has been encouraged by Mediterranean governments to support the large numbers of tourists visiting the region each year.Fossil evidence from that period reveals that the larger basin had a humid subtropical climate with rainfall in the summer supporting laurel forests.In southern and northern Italy.Dubbed the Betic and Rifian corridors, they progressively closed during middle and late Miocene times; perhaps several times.When these species succeed in establishing populations in the Mediterranean Sea, compete with and begin to replace native species they are "Alien Invasive Species as they are an agent of change and a threat to the native biodiversity.The coastline extends for 46,000 km (29,000 mi).The Vallesian crisis indicates a typical extinction and replacement of mammal species in Europe during Tortonian times following climatic upheaval and overland migrations of new species; 63 see Animation: Messinian salinity crisis (and mammal migrations at right.Other Arabic names were Bar al-m ( ) 'the Sea of Syria' and Bar al-Maghrib 'the Sea of the West'.19 Europe started to revive, however, as more organized and centralized states began to form in the later Middle Ages after the Renaissance of the 12th century.Unlike the vast open Oceans, the closed nature of the Mediterranean Sea provides a much more adaptable naval initiative among the coastal countries to provide effective naval and rescue missions, considered the safest and regardless of any man-made or natural code promo feelunique 2015 disaster.Whether this reflects an expansion rabais st valentin of the natural area of these species that now enter the Mediterranean through the Gibraltar strait, because of a warming trend of the water caused by global warming ; resultat concours medecine toulouse 2013 or an extension of the maritime traffic; or is simply the.Though the fall of the Crusader states and attempts at banning of trade relations with Muslim states by the Popes temporarily disrupted the trade with the Orient, it however continued.The Mediterranean is characterised and immediately recognised by its deep blue colour.A major oil spill could occur at any time in any part of the Mediterranean.Das 1950er Syndrom: Der Weg in die Konsumgesellschaft, Bern 1995 The wave that destroyed Atlantis Harvey Lilley, BBC News Online."Over one million sea arrivals reach Europe in 2015".
Archived from the original on 15 September 2012.
St century and migrations edit In 2013 the Maltese president described the Mediterranean sea as a "cemetery" due to the large number of migrants who drowned there after their boats capsized.